about us
legislation
contact us
articles
ver página en español
safety ,hygiene, laboral medicine and environmental orientation
environemnatl impact evaluation
gas effluents
liquid effluents
equipments under pressure
solid wastes

legislation searcher Legislation searcher
Waste Treaters and Carriers
Enterprises Guide Enterprises Guide
Free Suscription Free suscription
Articles
Consult Us Contact us

Wastes

What is a waste ?


Waste are remainder products generated by consumption or production activities that does not reach any economic value, between the context in which they are produced.

Wastes Laws

Kind of Wastes

There are 3 types of waste generated by an industry:

Type 1: Wastes assimilable to urban
Fermentable (organic matter) or fuel (paper, cardboerd,p`lastic,wood,rubber,leather,cloth,etc.) wastes
Type 2: Inert wastes
Wastes that does not mean and environmental risk (husk, scrap iron, inert mud, ashes,dust, sand, cuts of plate, dreg and any other substance that doesn`t need a treatment before its disposition).
Type 3:Toxic and Dangerous wastes
Wastes that are composed by such a concentration of constitutive substances and materials, that according to the waste amount and shape presentation, it maight give to it dangerous characteristics.

In general, the different in force standards, follow a common procidure to establish a wastes danger:
That it is catelogued inh the list as special
That it has, according to the list, one or many of the substances seen as dangerous or toxic.
That beeing put under toxicity or danger test, it is prove that it does not get trough it , for what it has the corresponding danger characteristic.

Articles about Wastes

Wastes cycle of life

Questions that Wastes generators must ask themselves.

Wastes Management Process

A waste Management Process in a first place must be focus on lowering them, secondly, if possible, to recycle them or put them under treatment, and finally, if they can`t be treated or recycled, send them to suitable and sure places.

Minization

There are several ways to minimizate Wastes:

Origin reduction
It is about lowerng or eliminating wastes generation trough an inventory manegement or production modification processes.

Volume reduction:
It includes thecniques that allows wastes separation. It can be made by:

-- Segregation: Waste`s different flows separation, ussually in their origin.
-- Concentration: Volume reduction trough physic treatment.

Recycling and Recuperation

-- Recycling: It is about the residue reusability inside the same process that produced it, either directly or trough a previous treatment.
-- Recovery: It is based upon the use of the generated residue in a different process from the one that produced it, it can be directly include or by some previous treatment.


Wastes treaters and carriers

Elimination Operations

Types of processing are divided into two groups:

Operations that can`t lead to resources recuperation,recycling, regeneration, direct reusability or other uses:

--Inside or on ground deposit (for example landfilling,etc.).
-- Ground treatment ( for example waterwastes or mud waste on ground biodegradation).
-- Specially designed filling ( for example: others and environment spillings into tight, separetd covered and isolated compartiments, etc.) .
-- Biological treatment that give place to compounds or final mixtures that can be eliminated by any of this group operations.
-- Physic-chemical treatment that gives place to any of the compounds or final mixtures that are eliminated trough any of this group operations ( for example: evaporation,drying,calcination, neutralization,precipitation,etc.)
--On ground incineration.
-- On sea incineration.
-- Permanent Deposit ( for example: to put containers in a mine,etc.).
-- Combination or mixtures made before than any of the operations indicated on this group.
-- Repacking before the operations indicated by this group.
-- Storagering previous to any of the operations mentioned by this group.

Operations that can lead to resources recuperation, recycling,regeneration, direct reusability and other uses:

-- Fuel utilization (not in direct incineration) or other mediums of energy generation.
-- Dissolvents recuperation or regeneration.
-- Organic substances recycling or recuperation that are not used as dissolvents.
-- Metals and metalic compounds recycling or recovery.
-- Other not organic matters recycling or recuperation.
-- Acids or bases regeneration.
-- Pollution lowering compounds recovery.
-- Compounds from Catalysts recuperation.
-- Used oils regeneration or reusability.
-- Ground treatment for agriculture profit or ecology improval.
-- Use of residue materials comming from any of the operations mentioned before.
-- Wastes exchange to sumit them to any of the operations numerated before.
-- Acumulation of materials destinated to any of the operations indicated by this group.

Wastes standards fullfillment
Other Provinces

estrucplan works in all the country under ISO 9001:1994 standars